Readme Index

StoreFlow Core Api

Module: com.episode6.redux:store-flow:1.0.1

By implementing Flow, the StoreFlow api remains relatively simple…

interface StoreFlow<State : Any?> : Flow<State> {
  val initialState: State // the initial state used to create the StoreFlow
  val state: State // the current state
  fun dispatch(action: Action) // dispatches an action to the Store to be reduced / processed by middleware

interface Action

In addition to an initialState and Reducer, a CoroutineScope is required to create a StoreFlow

fun <State : Any?> StoreFlow(
  scope: CoroutineScope,
  initialValue: State,
  reducer: Reducer<State>,
  middlewares: List<Middleware<State>> = emptyList(),
): StoreFlow<State>

Every StoreFlow is thread-safe. Actions are processed in-order in a single coroutine in the supplied CoroutineScope.

The Reducer is a pure function that takes a State and Action as input and outputs a new State

typealias Reducer<State> = State.(Action) -> State

Sample StoreFlow

Before we look at Middleware, lets demo a simple StoreFlow that manages the state of a traffic light…

data class TrafficLightState(
  val green: Boolean = false,
  val yellow: Boolean = false,
  val red: Boolean = true,

data class SetGreenLight(val value: Boolean) : Action
data class SetYellowLight(val value: Boolean) : Action
data class SetRedLight(val value: Boolean) : Action

// The reducer function will only be called from a single coroutine in a single thread.
// (see the ReduceAction pattern below for a trick to eliminate this additional verbosity)
private fun TrafficLightState.reduce(action: Action): TrafficLightState = when (action) {
  is SetGreenLight  -> copy(green = action.value)
  is SetYellowLight -> copy(yellow = action.value)
  is SetRedLight    -> copy(red = action.value)
  else              -> this

fun trafficLightStore(scope: CoroutineScope) = StoreFlow(
  scope = scope,
  initialState = TrafficLightState(),
  reducer = TrafficLightState::reduce,

We can see the store working by collecting state updates…

fun main() {
  coroutineContext {
    val store = trafficLightStore(this)
    launch { store.collect { println(it) } }


A Middleware is a functional interface that has the opportunity to interfere with the processing of an action. It accepts a dispatch function next, which allows the action to continue being processed. The middleware then returns its own dispatch function in which next should be called.

fun interface Middleware<State : Any?> {
  fun CoroutineScope.interfere(store: StoreFlow<State>, next: Dispatch): Dispatch

typealias Dispatch = (Action) -> Unit

A simple logging middleware could look something like this…

fun loggingMiddleware() = Middleware { store, next ->
  return@Middleware { action ->
    println("before $action; ${store.state}")
    next(action) // let the action be reduced
    println("after $action; ${store.state}")

Since a Middleware is executed with a CoroutineScope, it can safely launch async work in response to actions, however it’s bad practice to defer execution of the next dispatch function.

Currently, the only Middleware we ship is SideEffectMiddleware, which you can read more about in the SideEffect Readme. If you’re new to redux, this should be the only Middleware you need to worry about (besides simple logging).

ReduceAction Pattern

A common complaint about the Redux pattern is that it adds redundant boilerplate due to the addition of Actions and the Reducer. Once way we can limit this verbosity is with the “ReduceAction” pattern…

// Only actions that extend our ReduceAction will make changes to the state. 
// Because we're using a sealed class, we still have complete control of 
// reducer as changes can only be introduced to this file.
sealed class ReduceAction(reduce: TrafficLightState.()->TrafficLightState) : Action

// we update our actions so they can reduce themselves
data class SetGreenLight(val value: Boolean) : ReduceAction({ copy(green = value) })
data class SetYellowLight(val value: Boolean) : ReduceAction({ copy(yellow = value) })
data class SetRedLight(val value: Boolean) : ReduceAction({ copy(red = value) })

// instead of writing a manual reducer function, we replace it with a simple lambda
fun trafficLightStore(scope: CoroutineScope) = StoreFlow(
  scope = scope,
  initialState = TrafficLightState(),
  reducer = { (it as? ReduceAction)?.reduce?.invoke(this) ?: this },